Attractional or Relational Model?

As congregations determine how best to seek and save the lost, they often choose one of two models or a hybrid of both.  These types of approaches may be labeled “attractional” and “relational.” The attractional model hopes to attract people to Christ through programs, such as a Sunday morning service. Once in the doors of the church, the church invites its guests to take additional steps in their journeys. The relational model hopes that its members will attract people to Christ through genuine relationships with unchurched individuals in the community. From the strength of these relationships, non-Christians are invited to take additional steps in their journeys.

While it is not uncommon for proponents of either model to get into a “rockem sockem” boxing match, both models share many admirable qualities. First, they share a commitment to follow the example of Christ by seeking to save the lost by leading people to salvation through faith in Jesus Christ. Both share a measure of the other: the attractional has a relational component and the relational has an attractional component.  Both speak to the inner need of humanity to find harmony in and hope for life in the Creator.  It appears that both have been “successful” in making disciples.  It also appears that both must resist the temptation to become inward focused. Finally, both must work hard at being honest with seekers: following Christ is not always attractive, nor is it easy on relationships.

While the attractional and relational model may shore those similarities, and many more, they differ significantly. Here are a few differences that I have noticed. Perhaps you would like to add one more to the list but first a caveat. The following list includes broad generalizations typical of both approaches. Of course, there are exceptions to each difference cited. Overall, however, I think you will find the list representative of the tendencies of each approach. If not, let me know.

  • The attractional model leads to relationships while the relationship model is built on relationships.
  • The attractional model works better for large congregations with an extensive menu of opportunities, while the relational model works better for small congregations whose members are active in the community.
  • The attractional model can lead to consumerism and the relational model to narcissism.
  • The attractional church tends to operate like a businesss, while the relational functions like a family.  Correspondingly, the lead pastor of the attractional tends to function like a CEO while that of the relational church tends to function like a shepherd.
  • The attractional model was very popular towards the end of the 20th century, the relational model appears to be the popular model at the outset of the 21st century.
  • The attractional model tends to be campus based while the relational model tends to be community based.

What model has your congregation adopted?

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